The influence of smoking habits on cadmium and lead blood levels in the Serbian adult people
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According to theWorld Health Organization, in 2015, the Serbian population ranked among the highest ones in Europe in terms of smoking habit: 44.3%males and 36.2%females aged 18–64 smoked tobacco. In the last 7 years, 25%of total mortality inmen and 9%in women from Serbia were associated with smoking. Tobacco smoking is one of the most important sources of exposure to many toxic substances in general population. Our study confirmed higher blood levels of two toxic metals, cadmium and lead, in the blood of smokers (3.5 and 1.5 times higher than in non-smokers, respectively). Furthermore, smoking habits, such as number of smoked cigarettes per day, smoking period and cigarette type, along with age, were shown to influence these metals’ blood concentration. Higher blood levels of Cd and Pb were found in smokers consuming more than 10 cigarettes per day for more than 10 years. The present study also highlighted the importance of the controlled tobacco production, since it was shown that co...nsumption of illicit tobacco could manifold the exposure to toxic metals that can subsequently increase the frequency of related diseases as well.
Keywords:Biomonitoring / Cigarettes / Illicit tobacco / Smoking habits
Source:Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2020, 27, 751-760
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