Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oil from Chaerophyllum aureum L. (Apiaceae)
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The essential oils of the aerial parts and fruits of Chaerophyllum aureum L., collected from two Mountains in Serbia, were analyzed by GC and GUMS. Sabinene (18.5-31.6%), p-cymene (7.9-25.4%) and limonene (1.9-10.9%) were characterized as the main constituents. The oils were tested against six bacterial strains and one strain of yeast, Candida albicans. The highest antimicrobial activity was observed against the Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermidis and Micrococcus luteus, while of the Gram-negative strains, Escherichia coli was the most sensitive.
Keywords:Chaerophyllum aureum / Apiaceae / essential oil composition / sabinene / p-cymene / limonene / antimicrobial activity
Source:Natural Product Communications, 2009, 4, 1, 115-118
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