Behavioural Characterization of Four Endemic Stachys Taxa
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Grayer, Renee J.
Milinković, Marija M.
van Linn, Michael
Cook, James M.
Article (Published version)
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We performed a basic behavioral characterization of methanol extracts of four Balkan endemic Stachys taxa: S. anisochila (SA), S. beckeana (SB), S. plumosa (SP) and S. alpina subsp. dinarica (SAD). The behavioral activity of extracts dosed intraperitoneally in the range 100-400 mg/kg was examined in adult male Wistar rats, in the elevated plus maze, spontaneous locomotor activity, and grip strength tests, mainly predictive of anxiolytic, sedative and myorelaxant actions, respectively. All investigated Stachys extracts lacked anxiolytic or myorelaxant activities, while SB at 400 mg/kg exerted an anxiogenic-like effect. The study with the selective antagonist beta-CCt showed that the sedative effect of SAD was only partially mediated by GABAA receptors containing the alpha 1-subunit. While discernible, the behavioral effects of SA and SP were not distinct. In all extracts, chlorogenic acid and verbascoside were identified. In SA, SB, and SAD the flavonoid fraction was constituted of isos...cutellarein and hypolaetine glycosides, while in SP chrysoeriol and apigenin glycosides were present. The results reveal the psychotropic potential of four endemic Stachys taxa, of which SAD appeared most promising as a natural sedative. Copyright
Keywords:Stachys anisochila / S. beckeana / S. plumosa / S. alpina subsp dinarica / spontaneous locomotor activity / plus maze test / grip strength test / rats / HPLC
Source:Phytotherapy Research, 2010, 24, 9, 1309-1316
- Wiley-Blackwell, Malden