Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of Anthriscus nemorosa Root Essential Oil
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The essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation from the roots of Anthriscus nemorosa (Bieb.) Sprengel (Umbelliferae) was analyzed by GC and GC-MS. Among sixty-two compounds identified (representing 89.0% of the total oil), the main components were: n-nonane (12.1%), n-hexadecanol (6.9%), delta-cadinene (6.4%), beta-pinene (6.0%) and germacrene D (5.4%). Furthermore, the antimicrobial activity of the oil was evaluated against the Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus epidermidis (ATCC 12228) and Bacillus subtilis (ATCC 6633), the Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922), and a yeast Candida albicans (ATCC 10259 and ATCC 24433) using the broth microdilution method.
Keywords:Anthriscus nemorosa / essential oil / n-nonane / n-hexadecanol / delta-cadinene / beta-pinene / germacrene D / antimicrobial activity
Source:Natural Product Communications, 2011, 6, 2, 271-273
- Natural Products Inc, Westerville