A hazardous link between malnutrition, inflammation and oxidative stress in renal patients
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Background: Atherosclerosis is the main cause of mortality in end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Design and methods: Malnutrition, inflammation and diminished paraoxonase activity were used to calculate the sum of risk factors for atherosclerosis development in a cohort of 141 chronic renal disease patients. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was implemented to assess risk of death. Results: Kaplan-Meier analysis (Log rank = 12.06, P = 0.0072) showed higher risk of death with increasing number of risk factors in haemodialysis patients. Conclusions: Malnutrition in combination with inflammation and oxidative stress is associated with higher mortality in patients on long-term haemodialysis.
Keywords:Malnutrition / Inflammation / Oxidative stress / Paraoxonase-1
Source:Clinical Biochemistry, 2012, 45, 15, 1202-1205
- Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd, Oxford