Renal functional reserve in children with apparently normal congenital solitary functioning kidney
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Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate renal functional reserve (RFR) and to assess its relationship with serum cystatin C and blood pressure in children with apparently normal congenital solitary functioning kidney (SFK). Material and methods: RFR was obtained from the difference of endogenous creatinine clearance (CrCs) before and after a meat-free oral protein load (OPL) in the patients who were pre-treated with cimetidine. Serum cystatin C and urinary protein excretion were determined before and after OPL Results: Among 22 patients (13 boys), aged 9.5 +/- 4.3years, 72.7% had increased serum cystatin C, and 54.5% had decreased RFR. Following OPL, CrCs and urine creatinine increased, while serum creatinine and cystatin C remained unchanged. The multiple regression analysis demonstrated that cystatin C could predict more than 90% of RFR variability. Conclusion: Half of the patients with apparently normal SFK had decreased RFR. Serum cystatin C is one of the best predictors... of RFR.
Keywords:Glomerular hyperfiltration / Unilateral renal agenesis / Multicystic dysplastic kidney / Renal function / Cystatin C
Source:Clinical Biochemistry, 2012, 45, 15, 1173-1177
- Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd, Oxford