Environment-Related Variations of the Composition of the Essential Oils of Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) in the Balkan Penninsula
Authorized Users Only
Sinzar-Sekulić, Jasmina B.
Article (Published version)
MetadataShow full item record
Composition of the essential oils of Rosmarinus officinalis of ten populations from the Balkan Peninsula were determined by GC/FID and GC/MS. The main constituents were 1,8-cineole, camphor, a-pinene, and borneol. Multivariate statistical analysis (UPGMA cluster analysis and principal-component analysis (PCA)) revealed two major types of rosemary oil, i.e., 1,8-cineole and camphor-type, and two intermediate types, i.e., camphor/1,8-cineole/borneol type and 1,8-cineole/camphor type. The regression analyses (simple linear regression and stepwise multiple regression) have shown that, with respect to basic geographic, orographic, and 19 bioclimatic characteristics of each population, bioclimatic factor temperature of habitat represented the dominant abiogenetic factor, which, in chemical sense, led to differentiation of populations in the studied region. Also, the regression analysis have shown that some constituents of essential oils are independent of any single bioclimatic factors. Howe...ver, some constituents display statistically significant correlations with some abiotic factors.
Keywords:Rosmarinus officinalis / Essential oils / Environment-related variations / Principal-component analysis (PCA) / Cluster analysis
Source:Chemistry & Biodiversity, 2012, 9, 7, 1286-1302
- Wiley-VCH Verlag GMBH, Weinheim