Assessment of Endothelial Dysfunction: The Role of Symmetrical Dimethylarginine and Proinflammatory Markers in Chronic Kidney Disease and Renal Transplant Recipients
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Objectives. The study was designed to evaluate associations between symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA), inflammation, and superoxide anion (O-2(center dot-)) with endothelial function and to determine their potential for screening of endothelial dysfunction in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and renal transplant (RT) recipients. Materials and Methods. We included 64 CKD and 52 RT patients. Patients were stratified according to brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD). Results. Logistic regression analysis showed that high SDMA and high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were associated with impaired FMD in CKD and RT patients, after adjustment for glomerular filtration rate. The ability of inflammation, SDMA, and O-2(center dot-) to detect impaired FMD was investigated by receiving operative characteristic analysis. Hs-CRP (area under the curves (AUC) = 0.754, P lt 0.001), IL-6 (AUC = 0.699, P = 0.002), and SDMA (AUC = 0.689, P = 0.007) had the highest ability to det...ect impaired FMD. SDMA in combination with inflammatory parameters and/or O-2(center dot-) had better screening performance than SDMA alone. Conclusions. Our results indicate a strong predictable association between hs-CRP, SDMA, and endothelial dysfunction in CKD patients and RT recipients. The individual marker that showed the strongest discriminative ability for endothelial dysfunction is hs-CRP, but its usefulness as a discriminatory marker for efficient diagnosis of endothelial dysfunction should be examined in prospective studies.
Source:Disease Markers, 2013, 173-180
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