Glycogen phosphorylase isoenzyme BB plasma kinetics is not related to myocardial ischemia induced by exercise stress echo test
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Stepanović, Jelena M.
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Background: Glycogen phosphorylase BB (GPBB) is released from cardiac cells during myocyte damage. Previous studies have shown contradictory results regarding the relation of enzyme release and reversible myocardial ischemia. The aim of this study was to determine the plasma kinetics of GPBB as a response to the exercise stress echocardiographic test (ESET), and to define the relationship between myocardial ischemia and enzyme plasma concentrations. Methods: We studied 46 consecutive patients undergoing ESET, with recent coronary angiography. In all patients, a submaximal stress echo test according to Bruce protocol was performed. Concentration of GPBB was measured in peripheral blood that was sampled 5 min before and 10, 30 and 60 min after ESET. Results: There was significant increase of GPBB concentration after the test (p=0.021). Significant increase was detected 30 min (34.9% increase, p=0.021) and 60 min (34.5% increase, p=0.016) after ESET. There was no significant effect of myo...cardial ischemia on GPBB concentrations (p=0.126), and no significant interaction between sampling intervals and myocardial ischemia, suggesting a similar release profile of GPBB in ischemic and non-ischemic conditions (p=0.558). Patients in whom ESET was terminated later (stages 4 or 5 of standard Bruce protocol; n=13) had higher GPBB concentrations than patients who terminated ESET earlier (stages 1, 2 or 3; n=33) (p=0.049). Baseline GPBB concentration was not correlated to any of the patients' demographic, clinical and hemodynamic characteristics. Conclusions: GPBB plasma concentration increases after ESET, and it is not related to inducible myocardial ischemia. However, it seems that GPBB release during ESET might be related to exercise load/duration.
Keywords:exercise stress echo test / glycogen phosphorylase isoenzyme BB / myocardial ischemia / pharmacokinetics
Source:Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, 2013, 51, 10, 2029-2035
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