Selenium, Zinc, and Copper Plasma Levels in Patients with Schizophrenia: Relationship with Metabolic Risk Factors
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The aim of this study was to determine the plasma selenium (Se), copper (Cu), and zinc (Zn) levels and to evaluate their possible association with metabolic syndrome (MetS) components in patients with schizophrenia. The study group consisted of 60 patients with schizophrenia and 60 sex- and age-matched healthy controls. Anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, and biochemical analysis of fasting blood were performed in all subjects. Patients with schizophrenia had significantly higher plasma Cu concentrations compared with controls (0.97 +/- 0.31 vs. 0.77 +/- 0.32 mg/L, p = 0.001). The plasma Cu concentration showed a positive correlation with plasma glucose and diastolic blood pressure in the patient groups (r (s) = 0.263, p lt 0.05 and r (s) = 0.272, p lt 0.05, respectively). The plasma Se level correlated positive with MetS score (r (s) = 0.385, p lt 0.01), waist circumference (r (s) = 0.344, p lt 0.05), plasma glucose (r (s) = 0.319, p lt 0.05), and triglyceride conce...ntrations (r (s) = 0.462, p lt 0.001) in patients with schizophrenia. Plasma Zn did not correlate with any of the MetS components. These results suggest that alterations in plasma Cu and Se levels in medicated patients with schizophrenia could be associated with metabolic risk factors.
Keywords:Selenium / Copper / Zinc / Metabolic syndrome / Schizophrenia
Source:Biological Trace Element Research, 2013, 156, 1-3, 22-28
- Humana Press Inc, Totowa