Role of ovarian hormones in T-cell homeostasis: From the thymus to the periphery
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The study explored the putative role of ovarian hormones in the peripubertal remodelling of peripheral T-cell compartment. Ovariectomy at age of 1 month enhanced the peripubertal rise in CD4+ and CD8+ cell numbers in peripheral blood (PB) and spleen from 2-month-old rats. This reflected maintenance of thymopoietic efficiency at the prepubertal level (judging by numbers of the most mature CD4+ and CD8+ thymocytes and recent thymic emigrants) and alterations in T-cell survival/proliferation in the periphery. Compared with age-matched controls, the frequency of apoptotic cells among CD8+ peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) and CD4+ and CD8+ splenocytes was diminished in ovariectomized (Ox) rats, at least partly, due to lower CD95 surface density. The diminished frequency of the apoptotic T splenocytes could also be associated with the rise in the amount of splenic IL-7 mRNA. Additionally, the latter finding was consistent with the augmented proliferation of CD4+ and CD8+ splenocytes. Howe...ver, the enhanced proliferation of these cells could also be linked to the rise in IL-2 receptor surface density. This increase was related to the enhanced splenic TNF-alpha mRNA expression. Additionally, ovariectomy led to the phenotypic alterations in the major PBL and splenic T-cell subsets by diminishing/preventing the peripubertal changes in the frequency of cells at distinct stages of post-thymic differentiation/maturation (recent thymic emigrants, mature naive and memory cells), and by decreasing the frequency of NKT cells within peripheral CD8+ subsets. In addition to numerical and phenotypic changes in T-cell compartment (due to the lack of ovarian hormone action at both the thymic and peripheral level), Ox rats exhibited a much larger delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) response compared with age-matched controls. This suggested the augmented T-cell-mediated immune response in Ox rats compared with aged-matched controls.
Keywords:Peripubertal development / Ovarian hormones / T-cell proliferation / T-cell apoptosis / Peripheral T-cell maturation / Immunoregulatory T-cells
Source:Immunobiology, 2013, 218, 3, 353-367
- Elsevier Gmbh, Urban & Fischer Verlag, Jena
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