PWZ-029, an inverse agonist selective for alpha(5) GABA(A) receptors, improves object recognition, but not water-maze memory in normal and scopolamine-treated rats
Cook, James M.
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Inverse agonism at the benzodiazepine site of alpha(5) subunit-containing GABA(A) receptors is an attractive approach for the development of putative cognition-enhancing compounds, which are still far from clinical application. Several ligands with binding and/or functional selectivity for alpha(5) GABA(A) receptors have been synthesized and tested in a few animal models. PWZ-029 is an alpha(5) GABA(A) selective inverse agonist whose memory enhancing effects were demonstrated in the passive avoidance task in rats and in Pavlovian fear conditioning in mice. In the present study we investigated the effects of PWZ-029 administration in novel object recognition test and Morris water maze, in normal and scopolamine-treated rats. All the three doses of PWZ-029 (2,5 and 10 mg/kg) improved object recognition after the 24-h delay period, as shown by significant differences between the exploration times of the novel and old object, and the respective discrimination indices. PWZ-029 (2 mg/kg) als...o successfully reversed the 0.3 mg/kg scopolamine-induced deficit in recognition memory after the 1-h delay. In the Morris water maze test, PWZ-029 (5,10 and 15 mg/kg) did not significantly influence swim patterns, either during five acquisition days or during the treatment-free probe trial. PWZ-029 (2, 5 and 10 mg/kg) also proved to be ineffective in the reversal of the 1 mg/kg scopolamine-induced memory impairment in the water maze. The present mixed results encourage use of a variety of tests and experimental conditions in order to increase the predictability of preclinical testing of selective as GABA(A) inverse agonists.
Keywords:GABA / Inverse agonist / Memory / Object recognition / Water maze
Source:Behavioural Brain Research, 2013, 241, 206-213
- Elsevier Science BV, Amsterdam