beta CCT, an antagonist selective for alpha(1)GABA(A) receptors, reverses diazepam withdrawal-induced anxiety in rats
Namjoshi, Ojas A.
Tiruveedhula, Veera V.
Cook, James M.
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The abrupt discontinuation of prolonged benzodiazepine treatment elicits a withdrawal syndrome with increased anxiety as a major symptom. The neural mechanisms underlying benzodiazepine physical dependence are still insufficiently understood. Flumazenil, the non-selective antagonist of the benzodiazepine binding site of GABA(A) receptors was capable of preventing and reversing the increased anxiety during benzodiazepine withdrawal in animals and humans in some, but not all studies. On the other hand, a number of data suggest that GABA(A) receptors containing alpha(1) subunits are critically involved in processes developing during prolonged use of benzodiazepines, such are tolerance to sedative effects, liability to physical dependence and addiction. Hence, we investigated in the elevated plus maze the level of anxiety 24 h following 21 days of diazepam treatment and the influence of flumazenil or a preferential alpha(1)-subunit selective antagonist beta CCt on diazepam withdrawal syndr...ome in rats. Abrupt cessation of protracted once-daily intraperitoneal administration of 2 mg/kg diazepam induced a withdrawal syndrome, measured by increased anxiety-like behavior in the elevated plus maze 24 h after treatment cessation. Acute challenge with either flumazenil (10 mg/kg) or beta CCt (1.25, 5 and 20 mg/kg) alleviated the diazepam withdrawal-induced anxiety. Moreover, both antagonists induced an anxiolytic-like response close, though not identical, to that seen with acute administration of diazepam. These findings imply that the mechanism by which antagonism at GABA(A) receptors may reverse the withdrawal-induced anxiety involves the alpha(1) subunit and prompt further studies aimed at linking the changes in behavior with possible adaptive changes in subunit expression and function of GABA(A) receptors.
Keywords:Elevated plus maze / beta CCt / Antagonism / Benzodiazepines / Physical dependence
Source:Brain Research Bulletin, 2013, 91, 1-7
- Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd, Oxford
- NIMH NIH HHS 46851
- Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation