Ovarian hormone withdrawal in prepubertal developmental stage does not prevent thymic involution in rats
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The study was undertaken to assess the effects of ovarian hormone withdrawal in prepubertal age on thymopoiesis in 2- (young) and 11-month-old (middle-aged) rats. In ovariectomized (Ox) rats, irrespective of age, thymic weight and cellularity were greater than in age-matched controls, but the values of both parameters exhibited the age-related decline. In addition, although thymopoietic efficiency was increased in both groups of Ox rats when compared with age-matched controls, thymopoiesis exhibited the age-related decline mirrored in the lower numbers of both CD4+ and CD8+ recent thymic emigrants in peripheral blood. This reflected the prethymic changes affecting bone marrow progenitor generation/entry and the thymic alterations encompassing the impaired progenitor progression through early pre-T-cell receptor developmental stages (defined by CD45RC/CD2 expression) and, possibly, a more pronounced decrease in the proliferation of the most mature thymocytes. Apart from the changes at t...hymocyte level, in Ox rats the age-related alterations in thymic stroma (substantiated in a prominent loss of thymic epithelial cells) were registered. Ovariectomy-induced changes in thymic lymphoid and epithelial component, most probably, influenced each other leading to the increase in thymic expression of interleukin-6 and interleukin-7 mRNAs along with time after ovariectomy. Collectively, the study showed that the withdrawal of ovarian hormones in prepubertal age increases the efficiency of thymopoiesis in young adult rats, but does not prevent decline in thymopoiesis occurring with age.
Ključne reči:ovarian hormones / thymic epithelial cells / thymic cytokine expression / thymopoiesis / Thymic involution
Izvor:Experimental Biology and Medicine, 2013, 238, 6, 641-657
- Royal Soc Medicine Press Ltd, London