Determination of free bile acids in pharmaceuticals by thin layer cromatography and high performance liquid chromatography
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High-performance liquid chromatography with evaporative light scattering detection (HPLC-ELSD) and thin layer chromatography with flame ionization detection (TLC-FID) have been applied to the separation of five main free bile acids present in humans : cholic (CA), chenodeoxycholic (CDCA), deoxycholic (DCA), lithocholic (LCA) and ursodeoxycholic (UDCA) acid. HPLC separation was performed on Biospher Si 100 column using a mixture of n- heptane, isopropanol, ethylacetate, methanol and glacial acetic acid as a mobile phase. All the compounds were separate in less than 12 minutes by using a gradient elution mode. TLC-FID separation was performed on S-II Chromarods with a mixture of isooctane, ethylacetate and glacial acetic acid as a mobile phase. HPLC-ELSD method was applied to the determination of CDCA and UDCA in pharmaceuticals and their purity control when LCA, DCA, and CA were considered as impurities.
Keywords:Free bile acids / HPLC-ELSD / Pharmaceuticals / TLC-FID
Source:Bollettino chimico farmaceutico, 1998, 137, 10, 412-416
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