Synthesis of gamma-nitroaldehydes containing quaternary carbon in the alpha-position using a 4-oxalocrotonate tautomerase whole-cell biocatalyst
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Synthesis of gamma-nitroaldehydes from branched chain aldehydes and a range of alpha,beta-unsaturated nitroalkenes was achieved by a whole-cell biocatalytic reaction using 4-oxalocrotonate tautomerase as catalyst. Under mild conditions, cyclic and acyclic branched aldehydes were converted into synthetically valuable quaternary carbon containing gamma-nitroaldehydes. The yields of the desired products were influenced by reaction condition parameters such as organic solvent, temperature and pH. The whole-cell biocatalytic approach to the generation of alpha,alpha-substituted gamma-nitroaldehydes was compared to the organocatalytic approach involving the lithium salt of phenylalanine as a catalyst. As the resulting gamma-nitroaldehydes exhibited moderate antifungal activity and mild in vitro cytotoxicity against human fibroblasts (0.2-0.4 mM) they could further be examined as potentially useful pharmaceutical synthons.
Source:Russian Journal of Genetics, 2014, 4, 105, 60502-60510
- Royal Soc Chemistry, Cambridge