Associations of oxidative stress status parameters with traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors in patients with schizophrenia
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Background. The purpose of this study was to assess oxidative stress status parameters and their possible associations with traditional cardiovascular risk factors in patients with schizophrenia, as well as their potential for patient-control discrimination. Methods. Fasting glucose, lipid profi le and oxidative stress status parameters were assessed in 30 schizophrenic patients with atypical antipsychotic therapy and 60 control subjects. Results. Malondialdehyde (MDA), pro-oxidant/antioxidant balance (PAB) and total anti-oxidant status (TAS) were significantly higher whereas total sulfhydryl (SH) groups were significantly lower in schizophrenic patients vs. control group. Higher serum PAB values showed an independent association with schizophrenia. The addition of PAB to conventional risk factors improved discrimination between healthy control subjects and patients. Conclusion. Increased oxidative stress and changed lipid profi le parameters are associated in schizophrenic patients an...d may indicate risk for atherosclerosis. The serum PAB level may reflect the levels of oxidative stress in schizophrenia and improve discrimination of patients from controls.
Keywords:Overweight / cardiovascular disease / antioxidative capacity / lipids / antipsychotic treatment
Source:Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation, 2014, 74, 3, 184-191
- Informa Healthcare, London