Influence of Promoter Polymorphisms of the Tnf-α (-308g/A) and IL-6 (-174g/C) Genes on Therapeutic Response to Etanercept in Rheumatoid Arthritis
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Background: The study was undertaken to assess the influence of functional -308G/A TNF-alpha (rs 1800629) and -174G/C IL-6 (rs1800795) promoter polymorphisms on the therapeutic response to etanercept, a TNF-alpha. blocker, in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: Seventy-three patients suffering from active RA were studied, at baseline and 6 and 12 months after therapy. The therapeutic response was estimated according to the European League Against Rheumatism response criteria. Patients were genotyped for -308G/A TNF-alpha and -174G/C IL-6 polymorphisms by the PCR-RFLP method, and the influence of genotype on etanercept response was assessed. Results: No difference in the percentage of responders (patients who had DAS28 improvement > 1.2) between patients with the TNF-alpha -308GG and GA and AA genotype was detected after 6 and 12 months of treatment. After 12 months of treatment the percentage of responders was significantly increased in patients with the IL-6 -174GG genot...ype compared with those with the GC or CC genotype (p=0.006 by Chi-square test). Evaluation of the patients according to their combined IL-6/INF-alpha genotypes showed that patients with the IL-6 -174GG / TNF-alpha -308GG genotype were more frequent among the responders compared to those with other combined genotypes (p=0.022 by Chi-square test). More precisely, all patients with the combined IL-6 -174GG / TNF-alpha -308GG genotype were responders after 12 months of etanercept treatment. Conclusions: The study suggests that patients who are genetically low TNF-alpha and IL-6 producers are the best responders to etanercept therapy.
Source:Journal of Medical Biochemistry, 2015, 34, 4, 414-421
- Društvo medicinskih biohemičara Srbije, Beograd i Versita