Identification of Risk Factors for Diabetes Type 2 and Components of Pharmacists' Interventions in Community Pharmacy Setting: A Serbian Pilot Study
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Prevention of Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is clinical service useful to implement on community pharmacy settings (CP). The objectives of study were: to determine the risk factors for T2D in adults visiting a community pharmacy; to determine and describe component of pharmacists' interventions (PI) focusing on feasibility of complex intervention (CI). A cross-sectional study design and conducted (January 2010 to June 2011) on 20 CP in Serbia. Adult population was enrolled (304 patients). The pharmacist trained for implementation of complex PI (screening and counseling session). The national Questionnaire for T2D risk estimation was used for screening and Intervention check list was design and used for process of counseling. The DEPICT (Descriptive Elements of Pharmacist Intervention Characterization Tool) was used to describe the component of CI. High and very high risk score was estimated in age group 45-54 (10.80%) forward in age group 55-64 (9.60%); into the cohort below 45 year the 59 adu...lts has low T2D risk score. The average value of PI/per patients was 4.02. From the eight domain/component (operational descriptor in DEPICT) the main component are 'education and counseling' with four type (items) of intervention performed in counseling session. As a conclusion, the pharmacists in CP detected and scoring risk of T2D in Serbian adults' population. The number and type of PI in counseling session adequate to participants clinical profile. Feasibility of the CI within the CP in Serbia was proved. For the outcomes measurements and impact of PI, a proper endpoint and follow-up study design should be conduct.
Source:Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2016, 50, 1, 90-102
- Assoc Pharmaceutical Teachers India, Bangalore