Protolytic Equilibria of Sartans in Micellar Solutions of Differently Charged Surfactants
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Protolytic equilibria of irbesartan, losartan, and valsartan have been investigated in the presence and absence of differently charged anionic (sodium dodecyl sulfate), cationic (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide), and nonionic (4-octylphenol polyethoxylate and polyoxyethylene (23) lauryl ether) surfactants. Ionization constants were determined by potentiometric titration at a constant ionic strength (0.1 M NaCl) and temperature 25 degrees C. The effect of surfactants was estimated, based on a shift in apparent ionization constants (pK(a)(app)) determined in micellar solutions against the pK(a)(w) values in water. The anionic surfactant caused an increase in the pK(a)(app) values of sartans (up to 1.72 pK units), while the cationic surfactant had an opposite effect and caused a reduction in pK(a)(app) values (up to -1.44 pK units). These results point out to the fact that the ionizable groups of sartans are involved in electrostatic interactions with the charged surface of the ionic micel...les. Shift in the pKa app values in the presence of nonionic surfactants (from -0.86 to +1.30) is a consequence of the interactions of drugs with the hydrophilic palisade layer. Significant changes in the distribution profiles of the equilibrium forms (from -44% to +80%) are observed at the biopharmaceutically important pH 4.5 value and can be considered in terms of the potential influence on intestinal absorption and bioavailability.
Source:Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2016, 105, 8, 2444-2452
- Wiley, Hoboken