The physicochemical and thermodynamic properties of the choline chloride-based deep eutectic solvents
AuthorsTroter, Dragan Z.
Todorović, Zoran B.
Đokić-Stojanović, Dušica R.
Đorđević, Biljana S.
Konstantinović, Sandra S.
Veljković, Vlada B.
Article (Published version)
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This paper reports the physicochemical (density, dynamic viscosity, electrical conductivity and refractive index) and the thermodynamic (thermal expansion coefficient, molecular volume, lattice energy and heat capacity) properties of several choline chloride (ChCl) based deep eutectic solvents (DESs), with 1:2 mole ratio, respectively:ChCl:propylene glycol, ChCl:1,3-dimethyl-urea and ChCl:thiourea, at atmospheric pressure as a function of temperature over the range of 293.15-363.15 K. Their properties were also compared with those of some already characterized ChCl-based DESs, namely ChCl:ethylene glycol, ChCl:glycerol and ChCl:urea (1:2 mole ratio). Density, viscosity and refractive index of all DESs decrease with the increasing temperature while the electrical conductivity increases. Viscosity and conductivity of the tested DESs were fitted by both Arrhenius-type and Vogel-Tamman-Fulcher equations. The changes of molar enthalpy, entropy and Gibbs energy of activation, determined usin...g the Eyring theory, demonstrated the interactional factor as predominant over the structural factor for all DES systems. The fractional Walden rule, used to correlate molar conductivity and viscosity, showed an excellent linear behaviour. It was shown that ChCl:propylene glycol DES had properties similar to ChCl:ethylene glycol and ChCl:glycerol DESs. However, the properties (density, viscosity and electrical conductivity) of ChCl:1,3-dimethylurea and ChCl::thiourea DESs were inferior to those of the ChCl:urea DES.
Source:Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society, 2017, 82, 9, 1039-1052
- Srpsko hemijsko društvo, Beograd