Composition and Antimicrobial Properties of Essential Oils of Laser trilobum Rhizomes and Fruits
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The compositions of hydrodistillated essential oils of Laser trilobum (L.) Borkh. rhizomes and fruits from Serbia, were investigated using GC and GC/MS. In the dark-blue rhizome oil forty-six compounds (93.1% of the total oil) were identified, with a-pinene (31.5%), gamma-terpinene (9.0%), p-cymene (7.9%), beta-pinene (6.1%) and 1,4-dimethylazulene (6.0%) as the major components. In the colorless fruits oil, twenty components (96.8% of the total oil) were identified, and the main constituents were limonene (51.6%) and perillaldehyde (26.8%). The antimicrobial activity of the oils was tested using the broth microdilution method against nine bacterial and two fungal strains. The oils revealed significant antimicrobial effect, mainly better than that of thymol, used as a reference compound. The strongest activity was recorded for the rhizome oil against Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Candida albicans (MICs=25 mu g/mL), and the fruit oil against C. albicans ATCC 10259 (MIC=12....5 mu g/mL).
Keywords:Antimicrobial activity / Essential oils / Fruits / Laser trilobum / Rhizome
Source:Natural Product Communications, 2017, 12, 3, 445-448
- Natural Products Inc, Westerville