Enzymatic oligomerization and polymerization of arylamines: state of the art and perspectives
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The literature concerning the oxidative oligomerization and polymerization of various arylamines, e.g., aniline, substituted anilines, aminonaphthalene and its derivatives, catalyzed by oxidoreductases, such as laccases and peroxidases, in aqueous, organic, and mixed aqueous organic monophasic or biphasic media, is reviewed. An overview of template-free as well as template-assisted enzymatic syntheses of oligomers and polymers of arylamines is given. Special attention is paid to mechanistic aspects of these biocatalytic processes. Because of the nontoxicity of oxidoreductases and their high catalytic efficiency, as well as high selectivity of enzymatic oligomerizations/polymerizations under mild conditions-using mainly water as a solvent and often resulting in minimal byproduct formation-enzymatic oligomerizations and polymerizations of arylamines are environmentally friendly and significantly contribute to a "green'' chemistry of conducting and redox-active oligomers and polymers. Cur...rent and potential future applications of enzymatic polymerization processes and enzymatically synthesized oligo/polyarylamines are discussed.
Izvor:Chemical Papers, 2017, 71, 2, 199-242
- Springer International Publishing Ag, Cham
- Swiss National Science Foundation (SCOPES Joint Research Project) - IZ73Z0_152457