Investigation of metabolic properties and effects of 17 beta-carboxamide glucocorticoids on human peripheral blood leukocytes
Authorized Users Only
Article (Published version)
MetadataShow full item record
The biological activity of three previously synthesized 17 beta-carboxamide glucocorticoids (BG, BEG, and MPEA) was tested in vitro on mitogen stimulated and non-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MNCs) and granulocytes from human healthy donors, and the results were compared to the conventional glucocorticoid dexamethasone. The tested 17 beta-carboxamide glucocorticoids did not induce decreases in MNC viability and proliferation, while modulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) synthesis in granulocytes was dependent on the cell donor. The obtained results indicate the possibility of avoidance of strong lymphocyte suppression, which is generally recognized during administration of conventional glucocorticoids. Furthermore, the metabolism of the tested derivatives was predicted in silico. The predicted metabolites were synthesized and the in silico results were confirmed by in vitro evaluation of the metabolism of BG, BEG, and MPEA in human serum and in cultures of periphe...ral blood MNCs. The results of the biological activity and metabolism evaluation and of previous in vivo evaluations of biological activity indicate the soft drug nature of BG, BEG, and MPEA. In order to be fully considered as soft glucocorticoids, further investigations on the toxicity and activity of the formed metabolites are required.
Keywords:anti-inflammatory activity / metabolism / peripheral blood mononuclear cells / granulocytes
Source:Archiv der Pharmazie, 2018, 351, 5
- Wiley-VCH Verlag GMBH, Weinheim