LraI from Lactococcus raffinolactis BGTRK10-1, an Isoschizomer of EcoRI, Exhibits Ion Concentration-Dependent Specific Star Activity
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Restriction enzymes are the main defence system against foreign DNA, in charge of preserving genome integrity. Lactococcus raffinolactis BGTRK10-1 expresses LraI Type II restriction-modification enzyme, whose activity is similar to that shown for EcoRI; LraI methyltransferase protects DNA from EcoRI cleavage. The gene encoding LraI endonuclease was cloned and overexpressed in E. coli. Purified enzyme showed the highest specific activity at lower temperatures (between 13 degrees C and 37 degrees C) and was stable after storage at -20 degrees C in 50% glycerol. The concentration of monovalent ions in the reaction buffer required for optimal activity of LraI restriction enzyme was 100 mM or higher. The recognition and cleavage sequence for LraI restriction enzyme was determined as 5'-G/AATTC-3', indicating that LraI restriction enzyme is an isoschizomer of EcoRI. In the reaction buffer with a lower salt concentration, LraI exhibits star activity and specifically recognizes and cuts anothe...r alternative sequence 5'-A/AATTC-3', leaving the same sticky ends on fragments as EcoRI, which makes them clonable into a linearized vector. Phylogenetic analysis based on sequence alignment pointed out the common origin of LraI restriction-modification system with previously described EcoRI-like restriction-modification systems.
Source:Biomed Research International, 2018
- Hindawi Ltd, London