Undiagnosed Hyperglycaemia and Hypertension as Indicators of the Various Risk Factors of Future Cardiovascular Disease among Population of Serbian Students
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Background: A number of risk behaviours, such as smoking, overweight, excessive alcohol intake, insufficient physical activity, excessive and frequent intake of salt, reduced fruit and vegetable intake, increased fat intake, which constitute living habits of an individual can influence the occurrence of hypertension and hyperglycaemia. The changing of these lifestyles can reduce the risk of developing prehypertension and prediabetes. Methods: The survey was conducted at student's campuses. The respondents were subjected to the height, weight, blood glucose and blood pressure. Respondents filled in previously created questionnaire that was approved by the Ethics Committee for Biomedical Research Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade. Results: The percentage of respondents with a glucose value above the reference value was 14.6% (n=19), 2.4% (n=3) had values greater than 7 mmol/L without being diagnosed with diabetes, and accordingly, 2.4% (n=3) had elevated HbA1c values (above 42 ...mmol/mol or 6.0%). The percentage of respondents with elevated systolic and diastolic blood pressure was 14.9% and 7.4% respectively. Regarding calculated risk scores, they showed parallel increase with increasing of BMI (HPS), systolic and diastolic pressure (OHS), and glucose concentration (OPS). Conclusions: When analysing all the factors that could cause the later development of diabetes, which is associated with hypertension as well, it is observed that the student population is very much exposed to those factors. The results of this study cannot be representative for the general population of students, but they can provide recommendations for further research.
Keywords:lifestyles / prediabetes / prehypertension / students
Source:Journal of Medical Biochemistry, 2018, 37, 3, 289-298
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