Adjusted indirect comparisons to assess bioequivalence between generic clopidogrel products in Serbia
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Aims Generic products can be regarded as therapeutically equivalent and switchable with the reference product. However, switchability between generics is unknown, as direct comparisons between generics are not performed. The aim of this study was to investigate the bioequivalence between generic clopidogrel products by means of adjusted indirect comparisons (AICs). Methods AICs were conducted to assess bioequivalence between 4 generic clopidogrel products that are authorised in Serbia. Generics are considered equivalent to the reference if the 90% confidence intervals (CIs) for the ratios test/reference of the maximum concentration (C-max) and area under the curve up to the last measurable concentration (AUC(0-t)) fall within the acceptance range 80.00-125.00%. However, for AICs between generics, the Canadian acceptance criterion for C-max was employed, where only the point estimate of C-max needs to be within 80.00-125.00%. Results The 90% CIs of the AICs demonstrated bioequivalence w...ithin 80.00-125.00% for all AUC(0-t) comparisons. The point estimates of C-max in all AICs were also within this range. Conclusion This study demonstrates that the bioavailability of these 4 generic clopidogrel products authorised in Serbia is very similar. Despite the limited power of AICs, bioequivalence was demonstrated for all 90% CIs of AUC(0-t) and all 90% CIs of C-max comparisons were within or very close to the acceptance range, being able to comply with the acceptance criterion employed in Canada for C-max. Therefore, these 4 generic clopidogrel products authorised in Serbia can be considered switchable with each other in clinical practice based on the adjusted indirect comparisons.
Keywords:bioequivalence / generic-generic substitution / interchangeability / switchability / therapeutic equivalence
Source:British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 2019
- Wiley, Hoboken