Application of the fractional factorial design in multiple W/O/W emulsions
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In presented research, multiple W/O/W emulsions were developed by using experimental design method. A 24-1 fractional factorial design was performed by varying the following input parameters: primary polymeric emulsifier (PEG 30-dipolyhydroxystearate) concentration (0.8% and 2.4%), secondary polymeric emulsifier (Poloxamer 407) concentration (0.8% and 1.2%), electrolyte magnesium sulfate heptahydrate (0.08% and 0.4%) and electrolyte sodium chloride (0.08% and 0.4%). Multiple emulsions were prepared by a two-step emulsification process. Obtained emulsions were characterized with rheological measurements, conductivity and centrifugation tests. Factorial analysis revealed that the concentration of the primary emulsifier was the predominant factor influencing the phase separation, conductivity and maximal apparent viscosity. Additionally, electrolyte magnesium sulfate heptahydrate was more efficient in stabilizing these systems, compared to sodium chloride. The applied fractional factorial... design method enabled determination of the optimal concentrations of the primary and secondary emulsifier, as well as the concentration of electrolytes, in order to obtain W/O/W emulsions with desired maximal apparent viscosities, low values of conductivity and without phase separation after centrifugation. [GRAPHICS] .
Source:Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology, 2017, 38, 12, 1732-1737
- Taylor & Francis Inc, Philadelphia
- This is peer-reviewed version of the following article: Vasiljevic, D.; Djuris, J.; Jakimenko, S.; Ibric, S. Application of the Fractional Factorial Design in Multiple W/O/W Emulsions. J. Dispersion Sci. Technol. 2017, 38 (12), 1732–1737. https://doi.org/10.1080/01932691.2016.1278551