ELLSA based profiling of surface glycosylation in microorganisms reveals that ß-glucan rich yeasts’ surfaces are selectively recognized with recombinant banana lectin
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The surface of microorganisms is covered with polysaccharide structures which are in immediate contact with receptor structures on host’s cells and antibodies. The interaction between microorganisms and their host is dependent on surface glycosylation and in this study we have tested the interaction of plant lectins with different microorganisms. Enzyme-linked lectin sorbent assay - ELLSA was used to test the binding of recombinant Musa acuminata lectin - BL to 27 selected microorganisms and 7 other lectins were used for comparison: Soy bean agglutinin - SBA, Lens culinaris lectin - LCA, Wheat germ agglutinin - WGA, RCA120 - Ricinus communis agglutinin, Con A - from Canavalia ensiformis, Sambucus nigra agglutinin - SNA I and Maackia amurensis agglutinin - MAA. The goal was to define the microorganisms’ surface glycosylation by means of interaction with the selected plant lectins and to make a comparison with BL. Among the tested lectins most selective binding was observed for RCA120 wh...ich preferentially bound Lactobacillus casei DG. Recombinant banana lectin showed specific binding to all of the tested fungal species. The binding of BL to Candida albicans was further tested with fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry and it was concluded that this lectin can differentiate ß-glucan rich surfaces. The binding of BL to S. boulardii could be inhibited with ß-glucan from yeast with IC50 1.81 μg mL−1 and to P. roqueforti with 1.10 μg mL−1. This unique specificity of BL could be exploited for screening purposes and potentially for the detection of ß-glucan in solutions.
Keywords:Banana lectin / ELLSA / Fungi / Glycosylation / Microorganisms
Source:Glycoconjugate Journal, 2020, 37, 1, 95-105
- Springer Nature