Characterization of biomolecules with antibiotic activity from endophytic fungi phomopsis species
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Recently, growing interest is devoted to investigation of bioactive secondary metabolites of endophytic fungi. Thus, as an extension to our previous achievements related to antimicrobial potential of endophytic fungi, Phomopsis species isolated from conifer needles was selected as appropriately promising natural source for drug discovery. Its dichloromethane and ethanol extracts considerably inhibited growth of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Moreover, the indi-vidual compounds of dichloromethane extract have been separated, collected and purified using semi preparative liquid chromatographic analysis and comprehensively characterized using mass spectrometry (MS) and nuclear magnetic res-onance spectroscopy (NMR). Based on their antimicrobial activity and unique structural characteristics in comparison with well-established drugs from the same therapeutic category, two dominant compounds (Z)-(Z)-2-acetoxyprop-1-en-1-yl-3-(3-((E)-3,4-d...ihydroxypent-1-en-1-yl)oxiran-2-yl)acrylate (denoted as 325-3) and (Z)-(Z)-2-acetoxyprop-1-en-1-yl 3-(3-((E)-4-hydroxy-3-oxopent-1-en-1-yl)oxiran-2-yl)acrylate (denoted as 325-5) were recognized as valuable leading structures for future discovery of novel antibiotics.
Keywords:Antibacterial activity / Endophytic fungi / GC-MS / HPLC / NMR
Source:Acta Chimica Slovenica, 2020, 67, 2, 445-461
- Slovenian Chemical Society
- Synthesis, Quantitative Structure and Activity Relationship, Physico-Chemical Characterisation and Analysis of Pharmacologically Active Substances (RS-172033)
- Slovenian Re-search Agency (grant number P4-0127)
- EU (project no. BI-RS/16-17-022).