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Direktni oralni antikoagulansi - novo poglavlje u antikoagulantnoj terapiji

dc.creatorStepanović-Petrović, Radica
dc.creatorNastić, Katarina
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-02T09:35:41Z
dc.date.available2020-12-02T09:35:41Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.issn0004-1963
dc.identifier.urihttps://farfar.pharmacy.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/3745
dc.description.abstractThromboembolic events are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. From the second half of the 20th century, vitamin K antagonists (VKAs), warfarin and acenocoumarol, were the only anticoagulants taken orally. The major reform in anticoagulation therapy was made by the advent of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs), about 10 years ago. Direct thrombin inhibitor (dabigatran) and direct inhibitors of factor Xa (rivaroxaban, apixaban, edoxaban, and betrixaban) have demonstrated favorable risk/benefit ratio. Compared to warfarin, DOACs are associated with a predictable pharmacokinetic profile, lower severe bleeding complications, particularly intracranial hemorrhages, and minimal drug interactions. Moreover, DOACs achieve a rapid onset of action and have shown comparable efficacy with warfarin and low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) in clinical trials. As a result, DOACs are now replacing VKAs and LMWH for many indications including stroke and systemic embolism prevention in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, prevention, and treatment of venous thromboembolism and thromboprophylaxis following total knee/hip replacement surgery. In addition, rivaroxaban (in combination with aspirin alone or aspirin and clopidogrel) is used in the prevention of atherothrombotic events following acute coronary syndrome with elevated cardiac biomarkers. In case of severe bleeding complications under DOACs treatment, antidotes are available; idarucizumab for dabigatran reversal and andexanet alfa for rivaroxaban and apixaban.en
dc.description.abstractTromboembolijski događaji predstavljaju vodeći uzrok morbiditeta i mortaliteta širom sveta. Od druge polovine 20. veka, antagonisti vitamina K (VKA), varfarin i acenokumarol bili su jedini dostupni oralni antikoagulantni lekovi. Pojava direktnih oralnih antikoagulanasa (DOAK), od pre 10-tak godina, donela je veliku promenu u antikoagulantnoj terapiji. Direktni inhibitor trombina (dabigatran) i direktni inhibitori faktora Xa (rivaroksaban, apiksaban, edoksaban i betriksaban) su pokazali povoljan odnos koristi i rizika. U poređenju sa varfarinom, DOAK pokazuju predvidljiv farmakokinetički profil, nižu incidencu ozbiljnog krvarenja posebno intrakranijalnog krvarenja i stupaju u mali broj interakcija sa drugim lekovima. Pored toga, DOAK imaju brz nastup dejstva i pokazali su komparabilnu efikasnost u poređenju sa varfarinom i niskomolekularnim heparinima (LMWH) u kliničkim ispitivanjima. Posledično, DOAK postepeno zamenjuju VKA i LMWH u mnogim indikacijama uključujući prevenciju moždanog udara i sistemskog embolizma kod pacijenata sa nevalvularnom atrijalnom fibrilacijom, prevenciju i terapiju venskog tromboembolizma, kao i tromboprofilaksu nakon ugradnje veštačkog kolena/kuka. Dodatno, rivaroksaban (sa aspirinom ili kombinacijom aspirina i klopidogrela) je indikovan u prevenciji aterotrombotičnih događaja posle akutnog koronarnog sindroma, kod pacijenata sa povećanim srčanim biomarkerima. U slučaju pojave ozbiljnog krvarenja, dostupni su antidoti; idarucizumab za dabigatran i andeksanet alfa za rivaroksaban i apiksaban.sr
dc.language.isoensr
dc.publisherBeograd : Savez farmaceutskih udruženja Srbijesr
dc.rightsopenAccesssr
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/
dc.sourceArhiv za farmacijusr
dc.subjectdirect oral anticoagulantssr
dc.subjectdabigatransr
dc.subjectrivaroxabansr
dc.subjectapixabansr
dc.subjectedoxabansr
dc.subjectbetrixabansr
dc.subjectdirektni oralni antikoagulansisr
dc.subjectdabigatransr
dc.subjectrivaroksabansr
dc.subjectapiksabansr
dc.subjectedoksabansr
dc.subjectbetriksabansr
dc.titleDirect oral anticoagulants – a new chapter in anticoagulation therapyen
dc.titleDirektni oralni antikoagulansi - novo poglavlje u antikoagulantnoj terapijisr
dc.typearticlesr
dc.rights.licenseBY-SAsr
dcterms.abstractНастић, Катарина; Степановић-Петровић, Радица; Директни орални антикоагуланси - ново поглавље у антикоагулантној терапији; Директни орални антикоагуланси - ново поглавље у антикоагулантној терапији;
dc.citation.volume70
dc.citation.issue5
dc.citation.spage249
dc.citation.epage268
dc.citation.rankM52~
dc.identifier.doi10.5937/arhfarm2005249S
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-85097057370
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://farfar.pharmacy.bg.ac.rs/bitstream/id/8466/Direct_oral_anticoagulants_pub_2020.pdf
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionsr


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