The role of rat Crry, a complement regulatory protein, in proliferation of thymocytes
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In our previous work we showed that 3F10 monoclonal antibody (mAb), which recognizes the rat complement receptor 1-related/gene protein y (Crry), induces homotipic aggregation of thymocytes. In this work we studied the effect of 3F10 mAb on proliferation of rat thymocytes stimulated with concanavalin A (ConA) or by cross-linking the T cell receptor (TCR) by anti-alphabetaTCR mAb (R73), in vitro, and the mechanisms involved in the process. Our results show that 3F10 mAb stimulates proliferation of total thymocytes triggered by suboptimal concentrations of ConA or TCR cross-linking, in a dose-dependent manner. Maximal stimulation was observed using 10 mug/ml and 20 mug/Ml of 3F10 mAb, respectively. The 3F10-induced stimulation of thymocytes proliferation in the presence of ConA, that was followed by increased production of interleukin-2 (IL-2), up-regulation of the expression of IL-2 receptor alpha (IL-2Ralpha) and was inhibited by anti-CD11a and anti-CD 18 mAbs. Purified thymocytes did ...not respond by proliferation to 3F10 mAb, either alone or in combination with R73 mAb or ConA. Proliferation of these cells was achieved only in the presence of OX-6(+) antigen-presenting cells (APC) and additional signals transmitted by TCR or ConA. These results suggest that Crry is involved in the LFA-1 dependent proliferation of thymocytes, a phenomenon that has not been recognized so far.
Keywords:Crry / thymocytes / proliferation / IL-2 / LFA-1 / antigen-presenting cells
Source:Life Sciences, 2004, 75, 25, 3053-3062
- Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd, Oxford