Quantification of allantoin in various Zea mays L. hybrids by RP-HPLC with UV detection
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A RP-HPLC method for quantification of allantoin in silk of fifteen maize hybrids (Zea mays L., Poaceae) was described. Following extraction of the plant material with an acetone-water (7:3, V/V) mixture, filtration and dilution, the extracts were analyzed without previous chemical derivatization. Separation and quantification were achieved using an Alltech Econosil C18 column under isocratic conditions at 40 degreesC. The mobile phase flow (20% methanol -80% water with 5 mM sodium laurylsulfate added at pH 2.5, adjusted with 85% orthophosphoric acid; pH of water phase was finally adjusted at 6.0 by addition of triethylamine) was maintained at 1.0 mL/min. Column effluent was monitored at 235 nm. This simple procedure afforded efficient separation and quantification of allantoin in plant material, without interference of polyphenols or other plant constituents of medium to high polarity, or similar UV absorption. Our study revealed that the silk of all investigated maize hybrids could b...e considered relatively rich in allantoin, covering the concentration range between 215 and 289 mg per 100 g of dry plant material.
Source:Pharmazie, 2004, 59, 7, 524-527
- Govi-Verlag Pharmazeutischer Verlag Gmbh, Eschborn