Lack of association between low HDL-cholesterol and elevated circulating cellular adhesion molecules in normolipidemic CAD patients and healthy subjects
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High plasma HDL-cholesterol (HDL-c) is a well-established protective factor in coronary artery disease (CAD). One of its potential protective mechanisms is the inhibition of the cytokine-induced upregulation of expression of cellular adhesion molecules (CAMs). High sCAM levels were found to be associated with low HDL-c in some studies performed mostly in hyperlipidemic subjects, but this association has not yet been investigated in CAD patients. In addition, conflicting results were obtained from in vitro studies that explored the proposed HDL effect on cytokine-induced CAM expression. The aim of the present case-control study was to investigate whether low HDL-c values are associated with CAM overexpression in normolipidemic CAD patients and healthy individuals, matched according to age and gender. Plasma HDL-c, sICAM-1, sVCAM-1, and sE-selectin were measured in 37 normolipidemic patients with angiographically verified coronary artery disease and in 52 healthy normolipidemic subjects.... The sCAM values obtained in the subjects (patients or controls) with low HDL-c levels ( lt 1.03 mmol/L) were compared with the values in the subjects with high HDL-c (>= 1.03 mmol/L). No significant difference was found between sICAM-1, sVCAM-1, and E-selectin values obtained in subjects with low and high HDL-c, either among the patients or the healthy controls. In conclusion, low HDL-c levels are not associated with CAM overexpression in normolipidemic CAD patients and healthy subjects.
Keywords:atherosclerosis / high-density lipoproteins / E-selectin / intracellular adhesion molecule-1 / vascular cell adhesion molecule-1
Source:International Heart Journal, 2005, 46, 4, 593-600
- International Heart Journal Association, Tokyo