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Dijetetski suplementi za trudnice i dojilje

dc.creatorStanković, Ivan
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-02T11:04:40Z
dc.date.available2019-09-02T11:04:40Z
dc.date.issued2006
dc.identifier.issn0004-1963
dc.identifier.urihttp://farfar.pharmacy.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/736
dc.description.abstractDietary supplements are foodstuffs the purpose of which is to supplement the normal diet and that are concentrated sources of nutrients or other substances with a nutritional or physiological effect, marketed in dose forms (capsules, tablets, drops of liquid, etc) designed to be taken in measured small unit quantities. This food category is well regulated in USA, while in EU harmonization of legislation on food supplements of member states is not finished yet. In our regulations there is no category of dietary supplements and they are classified according to the quantities of nutrients other as dietetic foods or as drugs. Dietary supplements for pregnant and lactating woman are specially prepared, concerning specific composition of nutrients. The most common supplementation is of folate and iron, but some other micronutrients, ω-3 poli-unsaturated fatty acids and dietary fiber can also be supplemented if their intake from food is not sufficient. High intake of some nutrients can have adverse effects. Vitamin A in high doses is known to be teratogenic. As a component of prenatal care, nutrient supplementation might reduce maternal and child morbidity and mortality. Information and education of pregnant and lactating woman about constituents of these products, as well as of importance of supplementation of particular nutrients is very important that they can, alone or with the help of pharmacist, choose most adequate dietary supplements that can fulfill their specific nutritional requirements.en
dc.description.abstractU trudnoći i laktaciji, zbog fizioloških promena, izmenjenog načina života, povećanih nutritivnih potreba ili drugih subjektivnih i objektivnih razloga nije uvek moguće uneti sve hranljive sastojke u optimalnim količinama, pa se često koriste dijetetski suplementi. Dijetetski suplementi su namirnice koje dopunjuju normalnu ishranu i predstavljaju koncentrovane izvore nutrijenata (vitamina, minerala i drugih supstanci sa hranljivim ili fiziološkim efektom), a u prometu su u doziranim farmaceutskim oblicima dizajnirane da se uzimaju u odmerenim pojedinačnim količinama (kapsule, tablete, kapi i si). Ova kategorija namirnica je detaljno regulisana u SAD 1994. godine, a u EU harmonizacija propisa zemalja članica o dijetetskim suplementima još nije završena. U našoj regulativi ne postoji kategorija dijetetskih suplemenata, a u zavisnosti od sadržaja vitamina, minerala ili drugih nutrimenata svrstavaju se u dijetetske namirnice ili terapeutska sredstva. U periodu trudnoće i laktacije najšešće se suplementiraju folna kiselina i gvožđe kao i drugi vitamini i minerali ukoliko se ne unose hranom u dovoljnim količinama, polinezasićene masne kiseline n-3 serije, dijetama vlakna i dr. Veoma je važno paziti da se ne prekorači preporučeni dnevni unos za neke liposloubilne vitamine, naročito vitamin A, koji u većim dozama može da ima teratogeno dejstvo. Dijetetski suplementi na bazi biljnih preparata čiji sastojci mogu da utiču na plod, koagulaciju, tonus uterusa, hormonski status i dr. (npr. preparati ginka, žen-šena, peršuna, glicirize, fitoestrogeni soje) ili koji nisu dovoljno ispitani, ne preporučuju se u trudnoći. Potrebno je da trudnice i dojilje budu dovoljno edukovane i pravilno informisane o sastojcima preparata i značaju suplementacije pojedinih nutrimenata da bi same, ili uz pomoć farmaceuta u apoteci, mogle da odaberu dijetetske suplemente koji će najadekvatnije da zadovolje njihove specifične potrebe.sr
dc.publisherSavez farmaceutskih udruženja Srbije, Beograd
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/
dc.sourceArhiv za farmaciju
dc.subjectpregnancyen
dc.subjectlactationen
dc.subjectdietary supplementsen
dc.subjectvitamins and mineralsen
dc.subjecttrudnoćasr
dc.subjectdojenjesr
dc.subjectdijetetski suplementisr
dc.subjectvitamini i mineralne materijesr
dc.titleDietary suplements in pregnancy and lactationen
dc.titleDijetetski suplementi za trudnice i dojiljesr
dc.typearticle
dc.rights.licenseBY-SA
dcterms.abstractСтанковић, Иван; Дијететски суплементи за труднице и дојиље; Дијететски суплементи за труднице и дојиље;
dc.citation.volume56
dc.citation.issue3
dc.citation.spage261
dc.citation.epage270
dc.citation.other56(3): 261-270
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://farfar.pharmacy.bg.ac.rs//bitstream/id/2185/734.pdf
dc.identifier.rcubconv_198
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion


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