Morpho-anatomical differentiation of the balkan populations of the species Teucrium flavum L. (Lamiaceae)
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Ecological plasticity, i.e., inter-population differentiation of the species Teucrium flavum was analyzed on the basis of morpho-anatomical variability of its five populations from the maquis (Cisto-Ericetea and Cisto-Micromerietea), rocky grounds (Festuco-Brometea) and rocky crevices (Asplenietea rupestris) in the Eumediterranean and sub-Mediterranean region. Univariate statistic analysis included 22 quantitative characters related to the leaf and stem anatomy and morphology. In order to establish the variability and significance of morpho-anatomical differentiation, principal component analyses (PCA), multivariate analyses of variances (MANOVA), discriminant components analysis (DCA) and clustering, according to the UPMGA method based on Mahalanobius' distances, have been done. The morpho-anatomical analysis of plants from the five distant populations confirmed that the species T flavum belongs to malacophyllous xeromorphic species. It was established that the plants from all the fiv...e populations analyzed are distinguished by stable conservative xeromorphic characteristics. There is a difference between the pronounced xeromorphic plants belonging to Eumediterranean populations and the subxeromorphic sub-Mediterranean ones.
Keywords:Teucrium flavum / evergreen shrub / morphology / anatomy / leaf / indumentum
Source:Flora, 2006, 201, 2, 108-119
- Elsevier Gmbh, Urban & Fischer Verlag, Jena