Characterization of thymocyte phenotypic alterations induced by long-lasting beta-adrenoceptor blockade in vivo and its effects on thymocyte proliferation and apoptosis
Authorized Users Only
Article (Published version)
MetadataShow full item record
Adult male Wistar rats were subjected to propranolol (P, 0.40 mg/100 g/day) or saline (S) administration (controls) over 14 days. The expression of major differentiation molecules on thymocytes and Thy-1 (CD90) molecules, which are shown to adjust thymocyte sensitivity to TCR alpha beta signaling, was studied. In addition, the sensitivity of thymocytes to induction of apoptosis and concanavalin A (Con A) signaling was estimated. The thymocytes from P-treated (PT) rats exhibited an increased sensitivity to induction of apoptosis, as well as to Con A stimulation. Furthermore, P treatment produced changes in the distribution of thymocyte subsets suggesting that more cells passed positive selection and further differentiated into mature CD4+ or CD8+ single positive (SP) TCR alpha beta(high) cells. These changes may, at least partly, be related to the markedly increased density of Thy-1 surface expression on TCR alpha beta(low) thymocytes from these rats. The increased frequency of cells ex...pressing the CD4+25+ phenotype, which has been shown to be characteristic for regulatory cells in the thymus, may also indicate alterations in thymocyte selection following P treatment. Inasmuch as positive and negative selections play an important role in continuously reshaping the T-cell repertoire and maintaining tolerance, the hereby presented study suggests that pharmacological manipulations with beta-AR signaling, or chemically evoked alterations in catecholamine release, may interfere with the regulation of thymocyte selection, and consequently with the immune response.
Keywords:beta-adrenoceptor blockade / CD90 expression / Con A / T-cell differentiation / thymocyte apoptosis / thymocyte proliferation
Source:Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, 2006, 285, 1-2, 87-99
- Springer, Dordrecht