Independent association of high serum uric acid concentration with angiographically defined coronary artery disease
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Epidemiological studies have shown that a high serum uric acid concentration is a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the issue of whether it is an independent cardiovascular risk factor or simply a marker of co-existing conditions is a matter of controversy. In the present case-controlled study, we explored the association between serum uric acid and angiographically defined CAD in middle-aged subjects (356 CAD patients and 350 healthy individuals). Serum uric acid in CAD patients was significantly higher than that in healthy individuals (359 +/- 88.7 and 289 +/- 79.3 mu mol/l, respectively, p lt 0.01) and remained significantly higher after adjusting for confounding factors (F = 79.77, p lt 0.01). The association between uric acid and CAD was not limited to the hyperuricemic range of values, but was also found in the high-normal range (p lt 0.01). An unadjusted odds ratio (OR) of 5.0 was obtained in both genders (p lt 0.01). Female patients with > 50% sten...osis (clinically significant CAD), regardless of the number of diseased vessels, had higher uric acid concentrations than those with lt 50% stenosis even after adjusting for confounders (F = 3.79, p = 0.01). In conclusion, we have demonstrated that high serum uric acid is independently associated with CAD and that uric acid determination could be useful as one of the markers of clinically significant CAD.
Keywords:angiography / atherosclerosis / coronary heart disease / risk factors / uric acid
Source:Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry, 2007, 211, 4, 369-377
- Tohoku Univ Medical Press, Sendai